【美國大學排名】2022 U.S. News University Ranking

有去過或者有想過讀美國大學的朋友,第一件事通常都會上網搜查美國大學排名。在眾多美國大學排名機構當中,U.S. News必然是最具代表性的。從1983年開始,U.S. News已經為美國當地大學及中學排名。現時,U.S. News會每年9月會更新一次全國大學的排名,而每年3月便會更新碩士學院的排名。

它的排名是根據一個包含各種數據及因素的機制而斷定的,主要可以介分了9個範疇:

  • 畢業率和保留率 (比重佔22%)
  • 學生獎學金資助(比重佔5%)
  • 畢業率表現(比重佔8%)
  • 學士學院聲譽 2020-2021(比重佔20%)
  • 學年教師資源(比重佔20%)
  • 2020 年秋季入學的學生選擇性(比重佔7%)
  • 平均大學生佔有財務資源(比重佔10%)
  • 平均校友捐贈率(比重佔3%)
  • 畢業生負債率(比重佔5%)

明顯地,U.S. News對比其他排名機構非常注重學校名聲、學生在學校擁有的資源及畢業率。為了方便大家一目了然Scholars Insider為大家集合各種大學排名方便大家了解更多:

2022 U.S. News 綜合美國大學排名 (前50)

排名大學省份城市每年學費(美金)學士學位收生人數
#1Princeton UniversityNJPrinceton$56,010(fall 2020) 4,773
#2Columbia UniversityNYNew York$63,530(fall 2020) 6,170
#2Harvard UniversityMACambridge$55,587(fall 2020) 5,222
#2Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyMACambridge$55,878(fall 2020) 4,361
#5Yale UniversityCTNew Haven$59,950(fall 2020) 4,703
#6Stanford UniversityCAStanford$56,169(fall 2020) 6,366
#6University of ChicagoILChicago$60,963(fall 2020) 6,989
#8University of PennsylvaniaPAPhiladelphia$61,710(fall 2020) 9,872
#9California Institute of TechnologyCAPasadena$58,680(fall 2020) 901
#9Duke UniversityNCDurham$60,489(fall 2020) 6,717
#9Johns Hopkins UniversityMDBaltimore$58,720(fall 2020) 6,331
#9Northwestern UniversityILEvanston$60,984(fall 2020) 8,194
#13Dartmouth CollegeNHHanover$60,870(fall 2020) 4,170
#14Brown UniversityRIProvidence$62,404(fall 2020) 6,792
#14Vanderbilt UniversityTNNashville$56,966(fall 2020) 7,057
#14Washington University in St. LouisMOSt. Louis$58,866(fall 2020) 7,653
#17Cornell UniversityNYIthaca$61,015(fall 2020) 14,743
#17Rice UniversityTXHouston$52,895(fall 2020) 4,076
#19University of Notre DameINNotre Dame$58,843(fall 2020) 8,874
#20University of California–Los AngelesCALos Angeles(out-of-state) $43,022 , (in-state)$13,268(fall 2020) 31,636
#21Emory UniversityGAAtlanta$55,468(fall 2020) 7,010
#22University of California–BerkeleyCABerkeley(out-of-state) $44,115 , (in-state)$14,361(fall 2020) 30,980
#23Georgetown UniversityDCWashington$59,957(fall 2020) 7,357
#23University of Michigan–Ann ArborMIAnn Arbor(out-of-state) $53,232 , (in-state)$16,178(fall 2020) 31,329
#25Carnegie Mellon UniversityPAPittsburgh$58,924(fall 2020) 7,073
#25University of VirginiaVACharlottesville(out-of-state) $53,666 , (in-state)$19,698(fall 2020) 17,311
#27University of Southern CaliforniaCALos Angeles$60,275(fall 2020) 19,606
#28New York UniversityNYNew York$56,500(fall 2020) 27,444
#28Tufts UniversityMAMedford$63,000(fall 2020) 6,114
#28University of California–Santa BarbaraCASanta Barbara(out-of-state) $44,196 , (in-state)$14,442(fall 2020) 23,196
#28University of FloridaFLGainesville(out-of-state) $28,658 , (in-state)$6,380(fall 2020) 34,931
#28University of North Carolina–Chapel HillNCChapel Hill(out-of-state) $36,776 , (in-state)$8,992(fall 2020) 19,399
#28Wake Forest UniversityNCWinston-Salem$59,770(fall 2020) 5,441
#34University of California–San DiegoCALa Jolla(out-of-state) $44,487 , (in-state)$14,733(fall 2020) 31,842
#34University of RochesterNYRochester$59,344(fall 2020) 6,521
#36Boston CollegeMAChestnut Hill$61,706(fall 2020) 9,445
#36University of California–IrvineCAIrvine(out-of-state) $43,709 , (in-state)$13,955(fall 2020) 29,638
#38Georgia Institute of TechnologyGAAtlanta(out-of-state) $33,794 , (in-state)$12,682(fall 2020) 16,561
#38University of California–DavisCADavis(out-of-state) $44,408 , (in-state)$14,654(fall 2020) 31,162
#38University of Texas at AustinTXAustin(out-of-state) $40,032 , (in-state)$11,448(fall 2020) 40,048
#38William & MaryVAWilliamsburg(out-of-state) $46,467 , (in-state)$23,812(fall 2020) 6,236
#42Boston UniversityMABoston$59,816(fall 2020) 16,872
#42Brandeis UniversityMAWaltham$60,391(fall 2020) 3,493
#42Case Western Reserve UniversityOHCleveland$54,020(fall 2020) 5,433
#42Tulane UniversityLANew Orleans$60,814(fall 2020) 7,700
#42University of Wisconsin–MadisonWIMadison(out-of-state) $38,608 , (in-state)$10,720(fall 2020) 33,585
#47University of Illinois–Urbana-ChampaignILChampaign(out-of-state) $34,316 , (in-state)$16,866(fall 2020) 33,683
#48University of GeorgiaGAAthens(out-of-state) $31,120 , (in-state)$12,080(fall 2020) 29,765
#49Lehigh UniversityPABethlehem$57,470(fall 2020) 5,203
#49Northeastern UniversityMABoston$57,592(fall 2020) 15,156
#49Ohio State University–ColumbusOHColumbus(out-of-state) $35,019 , (in-state)$11,936(fall 2020) 46,984
#49Pepperdine UniversityCAMalibu$59,702(fall 2020) 3,459
#49Purdue University–West LafayetteINWest Lafayette(out-of-state) $28,794 , (in-state)$9,992(fall 2020) 34,920
#49Villanova UniversityPAVillanova$59,900(fall 2020) 7,037

2022 U.S. News 美國文學院(Liberal Arts)排名 (前10)

什麼是文學院Liberal Arts College?

一般來講,美國文學院的規模會較一般熟悉的美國大學小,因為文學院主要只專注提供自然學科、藝術、社會科、人文等學科。同時,由於學校較小一般學生會得到更多學習及小班教學機會。相對於比較注重研究的一般美國大學,文學院更注重教學質素。

雖然人數及規模較知名大學小,但是這些Liberal Arts學院在美國當地及國際領域受到相等於Ivy League的認可。非常多世界知名人士均是出身於美國文學院。

排名大學省份城市每年學費(美金)學士學位收生人數
#1Williams CollegeMAWilliamstown$59,660.00(fall 2020) 1,962
#2Amherst CollegeMAAmherst$60,890.00(fall 2020) 1,745
#3Swarthmore CollegePASwarthmore$56,056.00(fall 2020) 1,437
#4Pomona CollegeCAClaremont$56,686.00(fall 2020) 1,477
#5Wellesley CollegeMAWellesley$60,752.00(fall 2020) 2,280
#6Bowdoin CollegeMEBrunswick$58,322.00(fall 2020) 1,777
#6United States Naval AcademyMDAnnapolis(out-of-state) N/A , (in-state)N/A(fall 2020) 4,594
#8Claremont McKenna CollegeCAClaremont$58,111.00(fall 2020) 1,262
#9Carleton CollegeMNNorthfield$60,225.00(fall 2020) 1,940
#9Middlebury CollegeVTMiddlebury$59,770.00(fall 2020) 2,580

2022 U.S. News 美國綜合商科排名 (前10)

排名大學省份城市每年學費(美金)學士學位收生人數
#1University of PennsylvaniaPAPhiladelphia$61,710.00(fall 2020) 9,872
#2Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyMACambridge$55,878.00(fall 2020) 4,361
#3University of California–BerkeleyCABerkeley(out-of-state) $44,115 , (in-state)$14,361(fall 2020) 30,980
#4University of Michigan–Ann ArborMIAnn Arbor(out-of-state) $53,232 , (in-state)$16,178(fall 2020) 31,329
#5New York UniversityNYNew York$56,500.00(fall 2020) 27,444
#5University of Texas at AustinTXAustin(out-of-state) $40,032 , (in-state)$11,448(fall 2020) 40,048
#7Carnegie Mellon UniversityPAPittsburgh$58,924.00(fall 2020) 7,073
#8Cornell UniversityNYIthaca$61,015.00(fall 2020) 14,743
#8Indiana University–BloomingtonINBloomington(out-of-state) $38,354 , (in-state)$11,334(fall 2020) 32,986
#8University of North Carolina–Chapel HillNCChapel Hill(out-of-state) $36,776 , (in-state)$8,992(fall 2020) 19,399
#8University of VirginiaVACharlottesville(out-of-state) $53,666 , (in-state)$19,698(fall 2020) 17,311

2022 U.S. News 美國大學工程科排名 (前50)

排名大學省份城市每年學費(美金)學士學位收生人數
#1Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyMACambridge$55,878.00(fall 2020) 4,361
#2Stanford UniversityCAStanford$56,169.00(fall 2020) 6,366
#2University of California–BerkeleyCABerkeley(out-of-state) $44,115 , (in-state)$14,361(fall 2020) 30,980
#4California Institute of TechnologyCAPasadena$58,680.00(fall 2020) 901
#4Georgia Institute of TechnologyGAAtlanta(out-of-state) $33,794 , (in-state)$12,682(fall 2020) 16,561
#6Carnegie Mellon UniversityPAPittsburgh$58,924.00(fall 2020) 7,073
#6University of Illinois–Urbana-ChampaignILChampaign(out-of-state) $34,316 , (in-state)$16,866(fall 2020) 33,683
#6University of Michigan–Ann ArborMIAnn Arbor(out-of-state) $53,232 , (in-state)$16,178(fall 2020) 31,329
#9Cornell UniversityNYIthaca$61,015.00(fall 2020) 14,743
#10Purdue University–West LafayetteINWest Lafayette(out-of-state) $28,794 , (in-state)$9,992(fall 2020) 34,920
#10University of Texas at AustinTXAustin(out-of-state) $40,032 , (in-state)$11,448(fall 2020) 40,048
#12Princeton UniversityNJPrinceton$56,010.00(fall 2020) 4,773
#13Johns Hopkins UniversityMDBaltimore$58,720.00(fall 2020) 6,331
#13Virginia TechVABlacksburg(out-of-state) $33,253 , (in-state)$14,174(fall 2020) 30,020
#15Northwestern UniversityILEvanston$60,984.00(fall 2020) 8,194
#15Texas A&M UniversityTXCollege Station(out-of-state) $40,087 , (in-state)$13,178(fall 2020) 55,568
#15University of California–Los AngelesCALos Angeles(out-of-state) $43,022 , (in-state)$13,268(fall 2020) 31,636
#15University of Wisconsin–MadisonWIMadison(out-of-state) $38,608 , (in-state)$10,720(fall 2020) 33,585
#19Rice UniversityTXHouston$52,895.00(fall 2020) 4,076
#19University of California–San DiegoCALa Jolla(out-of-state) $44,487 , (in-state)$14,733(fall 2020) 31,842
#21Columbia UniversityNYNew York$63,530.00(fall 2020) 6,170
#21Pennsylvania State University–University ParkPAUniversity Park(out-of-state) $36,476 , (in-state)$18,898(fall 2020) 39,809
#21University of Maryland–College ParkMDCollege Park(out-of-state) $38,636 , (in-state)$10,954(fall 2020) 30,875
#21University of Minnesota–Twin CitiesMNMinneapolis(out-of-state) $33,843 , (in-state)$15,253(fall 2020) 36,061
#21University of PennsylvaniaPAPhiladelphia$61,710.00(fall 2020) 9,872
#21University of WashingtonWASeattle(out-of-state) $39,906 , (in-state)$12,076(fall 2020) 35,582
#27Duke UniversityNCDurham$60,489.00(fall 2020) 6,717
#27Harvard UniversityMACambridge$55,587.00(fall 2020) 5,222
#27Ohio State University–ColumbusOHColumbus(out-of-state) $35,019 , (in-state)$11,936(fall 2020) 46,984
#27University of California–DavisCADavis(out-of-state) $44,408 , (in-state)$14,654(fall 2020) 31,162
#31Rensselaer Polytechnic InstituteNYTroy$58,526.00(fall 2020) 6,283
#31University of California–Santa BarbaraCASanta Barbara(out-of-state) $44,196 , (in-state)$14,442(fall 2020) 23,196
#31University of Colorado BoulderCOBoulder(out-of-state) $38,312 , (in-state)$12,494(fall 2020) 30,300
#31University of FloridaFLGainesville(out-of-state) $28,658 , (in-state)$6,380(fall 2020) 34,931
#31University of Southern CaliforniaCALos Angeles$60,275.00(fall 2020) 19,606
#36Arizona State UniversityAZTempe(out-of-state) $29,438 , (in-state)$11,348(fall 2020) 63,124
#36Brown UniversityRIProvidence$62,404.00(fall 2020) 6,792
#36North Carolina State UniversityNCRaleigh(out-of-state) $29,916 , (in-state)$9,131(fall 2020) 26,150
#36University of Notre DameINNotre Dame$58,843.00(fall 2020) 8,874
#36University of VirginiaVACharlottesville(out-of-state) $53,666 , (in-state)$19,698(fall 2020) 17,311
#36Vanderbilt UniversityTNNashville$56,966.00(fall 2020) 7,057
#42Colorado School of MinesCOGolden(out-of-state) $39,800 , (in-state)$19,100(fall 2020) 5,216
#42University of California–IrvineCAIrvine(out-of-state) $43,709 , (in-state)$13,955(fall 2020) 29,638
#42Yale UniversityCTNew Haven$59,950.00(fall 2020) 4,703
#45Case Western Reserve UniversityOHCleveland$54,020.00(fall 2020) 5,433
#45Iowa State University of Science and TechnologyIAAmes(out-of-state) $24,504 , (in-state)$9,316(fall 2020) 26,846
#45Lehigh UniversityPABethlehem$57,470.00(fall 2020) 5,203
#45Michigan State UniversityMIEast Lansing(out-of-state) $39,766 , (in-state)$14,460(fall 2020) 38,491
#45Northeastern UniversityMABoston$57,592.00(fall 2020) 15,156
#45Rutgers University–New BrunswickNJPiscataway(out-of-state) $33,005 , (in-state)$15,804(fall 2020) 35,844
#45Washington University in St. LouisMOSt. Louis$58,866.00(fall 2020) 7,653

一間大學的排名及名聲固然重要,不過每間學校的營運及教育方式都非常不一樣。Scholars Insider絕不建議各位家長及學生盲目跟從排名選擇心儀大學。排名應該只是一個起點,從排名當中了解不同的學校然後再經過細心研究從中選擇一個適合的學校方為上策。如果各位讀者對於選擇合適大學有疑問,歡迎隨時聯絡Scholars Insider。

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